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Canadian Studies Exercise

This review is intended to be a broad overview of some of the many parts to Canadian Studies. It should be noted that these questions do not review just one topic.

Part I- Fill in the Blanks

1. Canada became a country after the passing of the __________________________ in 1867.

2. The 4 provinces that formed Confederation were: _________________, _______________________, ____________________ and ____________________________

3. The ____________________________ were people living in America who left to come to Canada after the American Revolution.

4. Canada's first Prime Minister was __________________________________.

5. Jacques Cartier is credited with discovering and exploring the _________________________________ River.

6. The ____________________________ was between the United States and Canada.

7. Canada was part of the ____________________________, helping slaves to freedom.

8. The Great Lakes are: Lake ____________________, Lake _________________, Lake ________________, Lake ______________, and Lake ___________.

9. Canada's highest point is ___________________________________.

10. The capital of Canada is ____________________________.


Part II- Short Answer Questions

In this section please DESCRIBE and GIVE SIGNIFICANCE to each of the following people and places as listed below. Think of each question worth 6 points. Give 3 sentences describing the WHO, WHAT, WHEN AND WHERE of the person or place. Next, write 3 sentences explaining WHY this person or place is significant.

1. Samuel de Champlain




2. The Quebec Act




3. The B.N.A. Act



 

4. Sir John A. MacDonald




5. Fur Trade




Part III- True/False Questions

In this section, T(true) or F(false) mark next to the questions. Check your answers at the end.

1. The Liberal Party of Canada represents the left side of the political spectrum.
2. Canada was once a colony of Britain.
3. French people are only found in Quebec.
4. The Appalachian Mountains are located on Canada's East Coast.
5. The Canadian Shield is a protective measure of the Canadian federal government against an American invasion.
6. Newfoundland joined Confederation in 1949.
7. Toronto is the capital of Canada.
8. The Great Lakes are the largest source of fresh water in Canada.
9. Lake Michigan is the only one of the Great Lakes that is shared between Canada and the States.
10. Vancouver is NOT the capital of British Columbia.



Answers to Canadian Studies Review Questions


Part I- Fill in the Blanks

1. BNA Act.
2. Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick
3. United Empire Loyalists
4. Sir John A. MacDonald
5. St. Lawrence
6. War of 1812
7. Underground Railroad
8. Ontario, Erie, Superior, Huron and Michigan
9. Mt. Logan
10. Ottawa


Part II- Short Answer Questions

1. Samuel de Champlain

- made multiple trips to Canada
- founded Quebec
- a French explorer
- friend of the Huron First Nations

SIGNIFICANCE
 founded Quebec as a French city
 reason we have French culture in Canada today
 helped Hurons defeat Iroquois, changing Canada's landscape
 discovered much of what is now Eastern Canada and the Eastern U.S.

2. The Quebec Act

- Quebec boundary expanded south
- merged British criminal law with French social law
- recognized Roman Catholic Church
- passed in 1774 by the British government

SIGNIFICANCE:
 beginning of attempt by a government to merge French and English culture
 the extension of Quebec's boundary was a spark in the American Revolution and opened the threat of America (then the 13 Colonies) conquering B.N.A.
 A spark that would lead to Confederation in 1867

3. The B.N.A. Act
- passed on July 1st 1867
- joined Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia into Canada
- became Canada's constitution
- each province was given its own government

SIGNIFICANCE:
 made Canada a country
 a response to the American Civil War - BNA did not want to become another U.S. State
 created provincial governments
 the law of Canada was passed; this was Canada's constitution
 determined which laws would be federal and which would be provincial

4. Sir John A. MacDonald

- Canada's first prime minister
- had the idea for the Great Canadian Railway
- leader under whom Louis Riel was executed
- started National Policy and involved in the Pacific Scandal
- born in Scotland and raised in Kingston

SIGNIFICANCE
 brought together all sides to form Confederation
 began the Canadian Pacific Railway thus uniting all of Canada, and kept the United States from expanding into the Canadian West
 divided English and French Canada for generations to come with his decision to execute Louis Riel
 his National Policy was a forerunner for patriotism in Canada

5. Fur Trade

- used for trade in Canada
- the Hudson's Bay Company is one example of a former fur trading company
- hunting of furs in Western and Northern Canada to sell and trade in Eastern Canada
- really took off in the early 17th century in North America because of the demand in Europe for beaver pelts
- furs were often traded between First Nations peoples and Europeans

SIGNIFICANCE
 furthered exploration in the Western and Northern regions of Canada thus preventing America from exploring and expanding into the Canadian West
 a major factor in the development of major cities along the St. Lawrence, such as Montreal
 led to the creation of the Hudson Bay Company
 a beginning to relations between the First Nations and Europeans
 the beginning of an economy in Canada
 many Europeans came to Canada in search of furs to gain wealth, thus the fur trade encouraged immigration


Part III- True/False Questions

1. F
2. T
3. F
4. T
5. F
6. T
7. F
8. T
9. F
10. T

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